1800s

1800s
Year History
1894 Daedogobu demarcated as 1 Mok (Mok for one administrative unit) 7 Dohobu's, 6 Gun's (towns) 11 Hyeon's (smaller towns)
1895.5.26 23 Bu system implemented in accordance with Imperial Order No.98 (announced on 26th May 1895). Devided into Gangneung-bu and Chuncheon-bu. 4 Guns of Wonju, Yeongwol, Pyeongchang, Jungseon under the command of Chungju-bu.
1896.8.4 13 Do system implemented in accordance with Imperial order No.36 (announced on 4th Aug. 1896) to revive Gangwon-do. Guanchal-bu renamed Dochung. Guanchalsa placed in Chuncheon and the 4 Gun's of Wonju, Yeongwol, Pyeongchang, Jungseon are re-included.

1910s~1920s

1910s~1920s
Year History
1910. 10. 1 Gwanchalsa renamed Dojanggwan as a new local administrative system commenced in accordance with Imperial order No.357 (announced on 30th Sep., 1910)
1914. 3. 1 In accordance with Departmental Order No.111 (announced on 29th Dec. 1913), Geungseong-gun, Anhyeop-gun, Pyeonghae-gun and Goseong-gun are annexed into Gimhwa-gun, Yicheon-gun, Uljin-gun and Ganseong-gun, respectively (21 Gun, 178 Myeon)
1919. 5. 15 Ganseong-gun renamed Goseong-gun by Departmental Order No.88 (announced on 9th May 1919). Dojanggwan renamed Dojisa.

1930s~1940s

1930s~1940s
Year History
1931. 4. 1 Chuncheon-gun Chuncheon-myeon, Gangneung-gun Gangneung-myeon and Cheolwon-gun Cheolwon-myeon raised to Eup, respectively, as the Eup-Myeon organizational system is implemented in accordance with Departmental Order No.102 (announced on 9th May 1930)
1938. 9. 27 Wonju-gun Wonju-myeon, Samcheok-gun Samcheok-myeon and Tongcheon-gun Gojeo-myeon raised to Eup, respectively, in accordance with Departmental Order No.197 (announced on 27th Sep. 1938)
1940. 10. 23 Gangneong-gun Jumunjin-myeon raised to Eup in accordance with Departmental Order No.221 (announced on 23rd Oct. 1940)
1942. 10. 1 Yangyang-gun Sokcho-myeon raised to Eup in accordance with Departmental Order No.104 (announced on 31st March 1942)
1945. 8. 15 1 Bu, 10 Guns, 6 Eups and 91 Myeons in South and North Korea with the 38th parallel at the center placed under the jurisdiction of the U.S. military administration.
1946. 6. 1 Chuncheon-gun Chuncheon-eup raised to Bu according to Military Administration Order No.84 (announced on 13th May 1946)
1949. 8. 15 Bu renamed Si according to Local Government Act No.32 (announced on 4th July 1949)

1950s

1950s
Year History
1954. 10. 21 Areas north of the 38th parallel, including 7 Guns, 3 Eups, and 37 Myeons, reclaimed under ‘Temporary Administrative Act on Reclaimed Areas’ in accordance with Law No.350 (announced on 21st Oct. 1954)
1955. 9. 1 Wonju-gun Wonju-eup, Gangneung-gun Gangneung-eup raised to Si, respectively, in accordance with Law No.372 (announced on 13th Aug. 1955

1960s~1970s

1960s~1970s
Year History
1960. 1. 1 Youngwol-gun Youngwol-myeon and Samcheok-gun Sangjang-myeon raised to Youngwol-eup and Jangseong-eup, respectively, in accordance with Law No.539 (announced on 1st Jan. 1960)
1963. 1. 1
  • Gangwon-do Uljin-gun and Gyungbuk Bonghwa-gun Chunyang-myeon Cheonpyeong, Deokgu-ri, included in Gangwon-do Youngwol-gun Sangdong-myeon in accordance with Law No. 1172 (announced on 21st Nov. 1962)
  • GYangyang-gun Sokcho-eup raised to Sokcho-si in accordance with Law No. 1176 (announced on 21st Nov. 1962)
  • Samcheok-gun Sodal-myeon and Hongcheon-gun Hongcheon-myeon raised to Dogye-eup and Hongcheon-eup, respectively, in accordance with Law No. 1177 (announced on 21st Nov. 1962)
  • Cheolwon-gun Sinseo-myeon included in Gyunggi-do Yeoncheon-gun (4 Sis, 15 Guns, 10 Eups 101 Myeons) in accordance with Law No. 1178 (announced on 21st Nov. 1962)
1973. 7. 1 Yeongwol-gun Sangdong-myeon, Jeongseon-gun Jeongseon-myeon and Goseong-gun Geojin-myeon raised to Eup, respectively, in accordance with Presidential Decree No. 6543 (announced on 12th March 1973). Sabuk branch office in Jeongseon-gun Dong-myeon and Hwangji branch office in Samcheok-gun Jangseong-eup raised to Sabuk-eup and Hwangji-eup, respectively (4 Sis, 15 Guns, 15 Eups, 98 Myeons)
1979. 5. 1 Hoengseong-gun Hoengseong-myeon, Pyeongchang-gun Pyeongchang-myeon, Cheolwon-gun Galmal-myeon, Hwacheon-gun Hwacheon-myeon, Yanggu-gun Yanggu-myeon, Yinje-gun Yinje-myeon, Goseong-gun Ganseong-myeon, Yangyang-gun Yangyang-myeon raised to Eup, respectively, in accordance with Presidential Decree No. 9409 (announced on 7th April 1979)

1980s

1980s
Year History
1980. 4. 1 Myeongju-gun Mukho-eup and Samcheok-gun Bukpyeong-eup united as Donghae-si in accordance with Law No. 3188 (announced on 28th Dec. 1979)
1980. 12. 1 Jeongseon-gun Sindong-myeon, Cheolwon-gun Dongsong-myeon, Samcheok-gun Wondeok-myeon raised to Eup, respectively, in accordance with Presidential Decree No. 10050 (announced on 21st Oct. 1980)
1981. 7. 1 Samcheok-gun Jangseong-eup and Hwangji-eup combined as Taebaek-si in accordance with Law No. 3425 (announced on 13th April 1981)
1983. 2. 15 Boundary adjustment and establishment of Myeon by Presidential decree No. 11027 (announced on 10th Jan. 1983). Boundaries between Si's and Gun's adjusted (four areas).
  • Part of Wonseong-gun Socho-myeon Jangyang-ri included in Wonju-si.
  • Hoengseong-gun Seowon-myeon Sanhyeon-ri and part of Maeho, Apgok-ri included in Wonseong-gun Hojeo-myeon.
  • Part of Wonju-si Gwangseol-dong included in Wonju-gun Panbu-myeon.
  • Part of Yangyang-gun Ganghyeon-myeon Sangbok-ri included in Sokcho-si Seorak-dong.
Boundaries between Eup's and Myeon's adjusted (four areas)
  • Hongcheon-gun Nam-myeon Sangoan-ri included in Hongcheon-eup, Hoengseong-gun Ucheon-myeon Chudong-ri and Jeongam-ri included in Hoengseong-eup.
  • Myeongju-gun Gujeong-myeon Eonbyul-ri, Gujeong-myeon Sanbuk-ri and part of Yeongok-myeon Bangnae-ri included in Gangdong-myeon, Seongsan-myeon and Jumunjin-eup, respectively.
  • Three Myeon´s established: Pyeongchang-gun Yongpyeong-myeon, Yanggu-gun Haean-myeon, Yinje-gun Sangnam-myeon (6 Cities, 15 Guns 22 Eups 90 Myeons)
1985. 10. 1 Jeongseon-gun Sabuk-eup divided into Gohan-eup and Sabuk-eup by Presidential Decree No. 10770 (announced on 26th Sep. 1985) (6 Cities, 15 Guns, 23 Eups, 90 Myeons)
1986. 1. 1 Seokhang branch office in Sangdong-eup Yeongwol-gun united with Jungdong-myeon, Bukpyeong branch office in Jeongseon-gun; Buk-myeon united with Bukpyeong-myeon and Ojeo branch office in Samcheok-gun Wondeok-eup raised to Gagok-myeon by Presidential Decree No. 11874 (announced on 27th March 1986) (7 Cities, 15 Guns, 22 Eups, 93 Myeons)
1986. 4. 1 Seokhang branch office in Sangdong-eup Yeongwol-gun united with Jungdong-myeon ,Bukpyeong branch office in Jeongseon-gun Buk-myeon united with Bukpyeong-myeon and Ojeo branch office in Samcheok-gun Wondeok-eup raised to Gagok-myeon by the Presidential Decree No. 11874 (announced on 27th March 1986) (7 Cities, 15 Guns, 22 Eups, 93 Myeons)
1987. 1. 1 Samcheok-gun Wondeok-eup Yonghwa-ri and Jangho-ri included in Geundeok-myeon by Presidential Decree No. 12007 (announced on 23rd Dec. 1986).
1989. 1. 1
  • Myeongju-gun Gangdong-myeon Unsan-ri included in Gangneung-si by Presidential Decree No. 12557 (announced on 22nd Dec. 1988)
  • Wonseong-gun renamed Wonju-gun by Law No. 4050 (announced on 31st Dec. 1988)
1989. 4. 1
  • Branch offices in Eups and Myeons raised to Myeon and Myeons renamed (7 Cities, 15 Guns, 22 Eups, 97 Myeons)
  • Shinchon branch office in Shindong-myeon raised to Dongnae-myeon by Act of Chunseong-gun No.1200 (announced on 29th March 1989)
  • Balsan branch office in Nam-myeon raised to Nam-myeon by Act of Chunseong-gun No.1200 (announced on 29th March 1989)
  • Nam-myeon renamed Namsan-myeon
  • Gangrim branch office in Anheung-myeon raised to Gangrim-myeon by Act of Hoengseong-gun No.1254 (announced on 29th March 1989)
  • Shingi branch office in Dogye-eup raised to Shingi-myeon by Act of Samcheok-gun No.1371 (announced on 29th March 1989)

1990s

1990s
Year History
1992. 2. 1 Chunseong-gun renamed Chuncheon-gun by Law No.4417 (announced on 14th Dec. 1991).
1992. 4. 30 Part of Dongsong-eup Yipyeong-ri included in Cheolwon-eup Hwaji-ri by the Act of Cheolwon-dup No. 1430 (announced on 30th April 1992).
1992. 9. 22 Part of Seoksa-dong included in Hyoja-dong by the Act of Chuncheon-si No. 1882 (announced on 22nd Sep. 1992).
1992. 9. 29 Part of Won-dong and Dangu-dong included in Myeongryun-dong and Gaeun-dong, respectively, by Act of Wonju-si No. 1634 (announced on 29th Sep. 1992).
1992. 10. 15 Wolgye-dong renamed Dangjeo-dong by Act of Samcheok-si No. 485 (announced on 15th Oct. 1992).
1992. 11. 20 Part of Jungang-dong included in Geumho-dong, part of Geumho-dong in Jungang-dong and Gyo-dong, part of Gyo-dong in Geumho-dong and Cheonghak-dong, part of Nohak-dong in Gyo-dong, part of Joyang-dong in Gyo-dong and part of Jangsa-dong in Yeongrang-dong and Geumho-dong, respectively, by Act of Sokcho-si No. 1427 (announced on 27th Oct. 1992).
1993. 3. 3 Part of Hyoja-dong and Oneui-dong included in Geunhwa-dong by Act of Chuncheon-si No. 1791 (announced on 3rd March 1993).
1993. 4. 6 Part of Mushil-dong included in Dangye-dong by Act of Wonju-si No. 1658 (announced on 6th April 1993).
1993. 6. 2 Part of Danbong-dong and Daegu-dong incorporated into Gumi-dong and part of Eodal-dong into Mukhojin-dong by Act of Donghae-si No. 875 (announced on 2nd June 1993).
1993. 7. 2 Part of Toegye-dong incorporated in Oneui-dong and part of Oneui-dong in Toegye-dong by Act of Chuncheon-si No. 1810 (announced on 2nd July 1993).
1993. 9. 15 Part of Buron-myeon incorporated in Munmak-myeon by Act of Wonju No. 1601 (announced on 15th Sep. 1993).
1993. 12. 1 Part of Yinje-eup incorporated in Bukmyeon by Act of Yinje No. 1433 (announced on 5th Nov. 1992).
1994. 8. 27 Hupyeong-2-dong divided into Hupyeong-2-dong and Hupyeong-3-dong by Act of Chuncheon-si No. 1861 (announced on 27th Aug. 1994) (110 Dongs).
1994.10. 24 Part of Seoksa-dong incorporated into Hupyeong-dong by Act of Chuncheon-si No. 1865 (announced on 24th Oct. 1994)
1994.12. 26
  • Samcheok-gun Hajang-myeon Wondong-ri, Sangsami, Hasami and Jotanri areas, incorporated into Taebaek-si by Presidential Decree No. 14434 (announced on 22nd Dec. 1994).
  • Sajo-dong established by Act of Taebae-si No. 870 (111 Dongs).
1995. 1. 14 Sis in the form of urban-rural complexes established through unification of 8 Si's and Gun's by Law No. 4774 (announced on 3rd Aug. 1994)
  • Chuncheon-si established while abolishing Chuncheon-si and Chuncheon-gun.
  • Wonju-si established while abolishing Wonju-si and Wonju-gun.
  • Gangneung-si established while abolishing Gangneung-si and Myeongju-gun.
  • Samcheok-si established while abolishing Samcheok-si and Samcheok-gun.
1995. 2. 15 Part of Dangye-dong incorporated in Myeongryun-dong by Act of Wonju-si No. 39 (announced on 15th Feb., 1995).
1995. 3. 1
  • Part of Gyunggi-do Yeoju-gun Gangcheon-myeon Daedun-ri incorporated in Wonju-si by Law No. 4802 (announced on 22nd Dec. 1994).
  • Myeongryun-dong divided into Myeongryun 1-dong and Myeongryun 2-dong by Act of Wonju-si No. 142 (announced on 28th Feb. 1995). Ponam-dong divided into Ponam 1-dong and Ponam 2-dong by Act of Gangneung-si No.140 (announced on 7th Mar. 1995).
1995. 3. 2
  • Shinbuk-myeon raised to Shinbuk-eup by Act of Chuncheon-si No.158 (announced on 28th Feb.,1995).
  • Munmak-myeon raised to Munmak-eup by Act of Wonju No. 141 (announced on 28th Feb. 1995).
1995. 7. 26 Part of Bukbang-myeon Seongdong-ri incorporated into Hwochon-myeon by Act of Hongcheon-gun No. 1549 (announced on 26th July 1995).
1995. 11.17 Part of Gaeun-dong, Hakseong-dong and Yilsan-dong incorporated into Myeongryun-dong, Dangye-dong, Wonyin-dong and Hakseong-dong, respectively, by Act of Wonju-si No. 166 (announced on17th Nov. 1995).
1995. 11.20 Part of Un-dong and Chuam-dong incorporated into Gumi and Daegu incorporated in Donghoe-dong and Guho-dong, respectively, by Act of Donghae-si No.953 (announced on 20th Nov. 1995).
1995. 12. 7 Part of Hyoja-dong incorporated into Gyo-dong and Seoksa-dong respectively by Act of Chuncheon-si No. 189 (announced on 7th Dec. 1995).
1996. 1.11 Past of Gyesan-dong incorporated into Hwagwang-dong by the Act of Taebaek-si No.914 (announced on 11th Jan. 1996).
1996. 7.15 Geoun branch office in Yeongwol-eup and Jumun branch office in Hadong-myeon abolished by the Act of Yeongwol-gun No.1564 announced on 15th July 1996).
1997. 1. 1 Part of Cheolam-1-dong incorporated into Cheolam-2-dong and Jangseong-dong, Hwagwang-dong and Gyesan-dong renamed Jangseong-1-dong, Jangseong-2-dong and Jangseong-3-dong by Act of Taebaek No.960 (announced on 25th Nov. 1996).
1997. 2. 1 Part of Okcheon-dong incorporated into Seongnam-dong and Ponam-dong, part of Ponam-dong into Okcheon-dong and Chodang-dong, part of Yipam-dong into Ponam-dong and Songjeong-dong, part of Gyodong into Ponam-dong, part of Chodang-dong into Ponam-dong, part of Songjeong-dong into Ponam-dong and Yipam-dong, part of Byungsan-dong into Songjeong-dong, part of Gyunso-dong into Byungsan-dong and part of Byungsan-dong and Hak-dong into Wolhopyeong-dong by Act of Gangneung No. 211 (announced on 16th Jan. 1997).
1997. 6. 5 Toseong-myeon Ayajin-7-ri renamed Geumhwajeong-ri and Beopjeong-ri established by Act of Goseong No. 1615 (announced on 5th June 1997).
1997. 7.12 Yongsan branch office in Seo-myeon abolished by Act of Chuncheon No. 267 (announced on 12th July 1997).
1997.12. 15 Shinjin-ri established through the unification of Hyeonnam-myeon Yingu-1-ri and Duchang Shibyeon-ri by Act of Yangyang No. 1614 (announced on 15th Dec. 1997).
1998. 1. 16 Dangang branch office in Buron-myeon abolished by Act of Wonju No. 291 (announced on 16th Jan. 1998).
1998. 2. 26 Sanggeol branch office in Dong-myeon abolished by Act of Chuncheon-si No. 295 (announced on 26th Feb. 1998).
1998. 3. 9 Heul-ri branch office in Ganseong-eup abolished by Act of Goseong-gun No. 1630 (announced on 19th Mar. 1998).
1998. 9. 9 Jwaun branch office in Dong-myeon, Shidong in Nam-myeon, Gok in Seo-myeon, Yeokjeonpyeong in Bukbang-myeon and Bangnae in Nae-myeon abolished by Act of Hongcheon No. 1657 (announced on 9th Sep. 1998).
1998. 9. 10
  • Hwangji-1-dong renamed Hwangji-dong; Hwangji-2-dong and Yeonhwa-dong integrated as Hwangyeon-dong; Hwanji-3-dong, Hwajeon-1-dong, Hwajeon-2-dong and Sajo-dong into Samsu-dong; Mungok-dong and Do-dong into Mungoksodo-dong; Jangseong-2-dong and Jangseong-3-dong into Jangseong-dong; Jangseong-1-dong and Dongjeom-dong into Gumunso-dong; and Cheolam-1-dong and Cheolam-2-dong into Cheolam-dong by Act of Taebaek No.1020 (announced on 10th Sep. 1998).
  • Guman branch office in Gandong-myeon and Gangnam branch in Hanam abolished by Act of Hwacheon No. 1658 (announced on10th Sep. 1998).
1998. 9. 23 Hakgok branch office in Socho-myeon, Manjong branch office in Hojeo-myeon and Hwangdun branch in Shinrim-myeon abolished by Act of Wonju-si No. 323 (announced on 23rd Sep. 1998).
1998. 9. 25 Myeonon branch office in Bongpyeong-myeon, Suhang branch office in Jinbu-myeon and Yucheon branch office in Doam-myeon abolished by the Act of Pyeongchang-gun No. 1553 (announced on 25th Sep. 1998).
1998. 9. 30
  • Seokhang branch office in Jungdong-myeon and Unhak branch office in Suju-myeon abolished by the Act of Yeongwol-gun No. 1638 (announced on 30th Sep. 1998).
  • Seorim branch office in Seo-myeon and Eoseongjeon branch office in Hyeonbuk-myeon abolished by the Act of Yangyang No. 1623 (announced on 30th Sep. 1998).
1998. 10. 1
  • Jungang-dong and Yimdang-dong integrated in Jungang-dong; Noam-dong, Janghyeon and Wolhopyeong in Gangnam-dong; Yipam-dong and Dusan-dong in Seongdeok-dong; and Yucheon-dong, Jukheon, Unjeong and Jeo-dong in Gyeongpo-dong by Act of Gangneung No. 188 (announced on 1st Oct. 1998).
  • Godan branch office in Wangsan-myeon, Jeongdong branch office in Gangdong-myeon and Samsan branch office in Yeongok-myeon abolished by the Act of Gangneung No. 290 (announced on 1st Oct. 1998).
  • Jeonggeum branch office in Ucheon-myeon and Chudong branch office in Gapcheon abolished by Act of Hoengseong-gun No. 1647 (announced on 1st Oct. 1998).
1998. 10. 2 Part of Galmal-eup incorporated in Gimhwa-eup by Act of Cheolwon-gun No. 1684 (announced on 2nd Oct. 1998).
1998. 10. 12
  • Deokduwon branch office in Seo-myeon, Yongsan branch office in Sabuk-myeon and Jogyo branch office in Buksan abolished by Act of Chuncheon No. 310 (announced on 12th Oct. 1998).
  • Jungang-dong and Soyang Sonak-dong integrated in Soyang-dong; Yaksa-dong and Jukrim-dong in Yaksamyeong-dong; Geunhwa-dong and Hoban-dong in Geunhwa-dong; Oneui-dong and Samcheon Chiljeon-dong in Gangnam-dong; and Sau-dong and Udu, Sanong, Shin-dong in Shinsau-dong by Act of Chuncheon-si No. 314 (announced on 12th Oct. 1998).
  • Balhan-dong and Hyangro-dong integrated in Balhan-dong; Mukho-dong and Eodal-dong in Mukho-dong; Bukpyeong-dong and Yiwon-dong in Bukpyeong-dong; Mangsang-dong and Samun-dong in Mangsang-dong; and Samhwa-dong and Samheung-dong in Samhwa-dong by Act of Donghae No. 1091 (announced on 12th Oct. 1998).
1998. 10. 17 Yeongrang-dong and Jangsa-dong integrated in Yeongrang-dong; Jungang-dong and Geumho-dong in Geumho-dong; Cheonghak-dong and part of Gyo-dong in Gyo-dong; Nohak-dong and part of Gyo-dong in Nohak-dong; part of Joyang-dong and Cheongho-dong in Cheongho-dong; and Daepo-dong and Domun Seorak-dong in Daepo-dong by Act of Sokcho No. 973 (announced on 17th Oct. 1998).
1998. 10. 26 Namyang-dong and Sajik-dong integrated in Namyang-dong. Dangjeo-dong, Dowon-dong, Eupsang, Seongbuk and Seongnam-dong in Seongnae-eup, the area that was under the jurisdiction of Namyang-dong, integrated into Seongnae-dong by Act of Samcheok No. 270 (announced on 26th Oct. 1998).
1999. 1. 1 Hakseong-2-dong and Jungang Pyeongwon-dong integrated in Jungang-dong; Bongsan 1, 2- dong in Bongsan-dong; Gwanseol-dong and Bangok-dong in Bangok Gwanseol-dong; Hakseong-1-dong into Hakseong-dong and part of Dangye-dong in Musil-dong by Act of Wonju-si No. 340 (announced on 24th Dec. 1998).
1999. 2. 1 Part of Yucheon-dong and Jibyeon-dong incorporated into Gyo-dong, part of Naegok-dong into Noam-dong, part of Hoesan-dong into Naegok-dong and part of Hongje-dong into Gyo-dong and Nammun-dong by Act of Gangneung No. 311 (announced on 11th Jan. 1999).
1999. 5. 14 Part of Shindong-myeon and Oneui-dong incorporated into Chiljeon-dong by Act of Chuncheon-si No. 338 (announced on 4th May 1999).

2000s

2000s
Year History
2000. 1. 12 Part of Tandong-ri, Gwanin-myeon, Pocheon-gun, Gyeonggi-do was incorporated into Cheorwon-gun, Gangwon-do, while part of Sangro-ri, Oji, Dongsong-eup, Cheorwon-gun, Gangwon-do was incorporated into Pocheon-gun, Gyeonggi-do under Law No. 6114 (announced on 12th Jan. 2000).
2001.12. 31 Part of Tandong-ri, Gwanin-myeon, Pocheon-gun, Gyeonggi-do was incorporated into Cheorwon-gun, Gangwon-do, while part of Sangro-ri, Oji, Dongsong-eup, Cheorwon-gun, Gangwon-do was incorporated into Pocheon-gun, Gyeonggi-do under the Gangneung-si Ordinance No. 452 (announced on 31st Dec. 2001).
2003. 10. 4 Songjeong 5-ri, Junbu-myeon was established under Pyeongchang Ordinance No. 1726 (announced on 4th Oct. 2003).
2004. 7. 9 The legal boundary of Seongnae-dong was redrawn to incorporate four lots around 69-1 Seongbuk-dong in Wondang-dong under Samcheok Ordinance No. 462 (announced on 9th Jul. 2004).
2007. 9. 1 By Pyeongchang-gun's Ordinance No. 1803 (Proclamation 2007. 9. 1.), Doam-myeon has been renamed Daegwanryeong-myeon.
2009. 5. 1 By Jeongseon-gun's Ordinance No. 2157 (Proclamation 2007. 9. 1 ), Dong-myeon has been changed to Hwaam-myeon, and Buk-myeon to Yeoryang-myeon.