The DMZ (Demilitarized Zone) is the present cease-fire zone that was set up according to the cease-fire agreement on June 27, 1953. The DMZ is a buffer zone to stave off any hostilities and war between North and South Korea. The stationing of an army, deployment of arms, and installing military facilities is prohibited in this zone. The DMZ constitutes approximately 0.5 percent of the Korea Peninsula and the Southern part is managed by the UN Committee of Military Administration. The DMZ is the only symbol of a divided nation in the world; Gangwon-do is the only divided province.
Saemtong is a natural pond (0.5 hectares) that does not freeze during the winter. The area surrounding the pond, a 2-kilometer radius, becomes a haven for migratory birds from November to March. Of the 1,300 cranes and white-naped cranes around the world, approximately 800 of them can be spotted in Cheorwon during this period. A commemorative picture of the cranes in this area was given as a gift to Queen Elizabeth of England.
This two-story tower was established under King Jinpyeong of the Silla Dynasty. Goseokjeong Pavilion was built on top of a valley surrounded by blue, clear waters and cliffs. The battlefield conservation office, the starting point of the DMZ tour, is located here.
This used to be a provisional station before the division of Korea, but now it is the northern most terminal station from the southern boundary of the DMZ. A large sign in front of the station that reads 'The train wants to run' is symbolic of the tragedy of the national division.
Discovered on March 19, 1975, the Second Underground Tunnel is huge enough to allow 30,000 Soldiers (plus tanks) to pass through it per hour. The tunnel has been developed into a tourist site so that visitors can tour the tunnel.
This observatory has the capacity to hold 300 people at the same time. Through the eight high quality telescopes visitors can see the DMZ, Pyeonggang highlands and propaganda village (a village purposefully built to show that North Korea is enjoying high living standards), Kim Il Sung's native home, and "Bloody Ridge" in North Korea.
Built in 1946, under compulsory labor and with funds procured by the communist government, the Labor Party building is a concrete soviet type building. For security reasons, only devoted partisans were allowed to work within the building
A bridge that North and South Korea built together: The North completed the basic construction and two piers while the remaining parts were completed by the South. The bridge was named Seungilgyo - the 'Seung' was taken from the name of the late South Korean President Lee Seung Man, and the 'il' came from the name of North Korean President Kim il Sung.
The punch bowl is a basin that was developed in the 400-500m altitude highlands on the coast of Yanggu. American reporters, who thought the area resembled a punch bowl, dubbed the area 'punch bowl'. From Dolsanryeong between the east side and the coasts on Yanggu, visitors can see the beautiful panorama of a sea of clouds above the punch bowl.
This is the only tunnel with a motorcar for visitors to tour the tunnel. The water flowing out from the tunnel is known to be very healthy and has become much sought after.
Eulji Observatory tower is located 1049 meters above sea level and was known to be one of the most bitter battlefields along the mid-battle lines during the Korean War. From this tower, visitors can see the checkpoint and farms in North Korea and four mountain peaks, including the highest peak of Mt. Geumgangsan-birobong.
As this is the observatory located closest to North Korea, more than one million people visit this area on an annual basis. Visitors can see the world famous Geumgang Mountain and Heageum (meaning Geumgang Mountain of the sea) with the naked eye. The road to the observatory brings forth a sense of tension due to the barbed-wire entanglements along the coast, the soldiers poised onalert and the checkpoint
Surrounded by pine tree forests and white sand, Hwajinrp Beach was exclusively for foreigners during the time of Japanese imperialism. The surrounding scenery of the summerhouse is so beautiful that it welcomed Kim Il Sung and Lee Seung Man after the liberation from Japan. In the winter, cranesof various kinds visit Hwajinpo Beach to create a beautiful panorama. This area also became famous asa location in a popular drama and now many fans come to Hwajinpo Beach to collect its sand.
The summerhouse of Kim Il Sung is located on a cliff granting one a bird's eye view of beautiful Hwajinpo beach. There is an exhibition of Kim Il Sung’s personal belongings, including his furniture. On the stairs up to the summerhouse, photos of Kim Jeong Il during his early days can be seen.
Located in the entrance to Hwajinpo Beach, the Maritime Museum features some 40,000 exhibits that include 1,500 types of rare shellfish, coral and fossils.